Dulles, Final Paper

Posted October 23, 2010 by phamilton
Categories: Graduate Writing, Uncategorized

I’ve uploaded the final copy of my Dulles Paper.

Dulles Paper

Posted October 9, 2010 by phamilton
Categories: Graduate Writing, Uncategorized

Here is the link to the final draft of my Dulles Paper.

Research Log

Posted September 23, 2010 by phamilton
Categories: Graduate Writing, Uncategorized

Notes:  I realize that each footnote and bibliography entry should be indented, but WordPress will not allow me to indent.

Also, copying and pasting from Word created problems in some of my tables.  Fixing the problem in WordPress would have taken too much time, so wherever there was a problem I merely moved the information from that box to the box immediately to its left.

1:  Reference Works


1) Author 2) Title of Article 3) Title of Reference Work 4) Editor of Reference Work 5) City/publisher/year of publication 6 volume and inclusive page numbers
Cormac Burke Church, Nature, Origin, and Structure of” Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Catholic Doctrine Russell Shaw Indiana:  Our Sunday Visitor, 1997. 105-8
Not Given “Dulles, Avery Robert” The Harper-Collins Encyclopedia of Catholicism Richard P. McBrien et al. New York:  HarperCollins, 1995. 435
J.J. O’Rourke “Church II” The New Catholic Encyclopedia An editorial staff Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1967. vol. 3, 683-93

1C:  (Throughout this assignment, footnotes are listed first and the bibliography entry is listed second.)

Source 1:

Cormac Burke, “People of God,” in Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Catholic Doctrine, ed. Russell Shaw (Indiana:  Our Sunday Visitor, 1997), 499.

Burke, Cormac.  “People of God.”  In Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Catholic Doctrine, ed. Russell Shaw, 498-99.  Indiana:  Our Sunday Visitor, 1997.

Source 2:

“Dulles, Avery Robert,” in The Harper-Collins Encyclopedia of Catholicism, ed. Richard P. McBrien et al. (New York:  HarperCollins, 1995), 435.

“Dulles, Avery Robert.” In The Harper-Collins Encyclopedia of Catholicism, ed. Richard P. McBrien et al., 435.  New York:  HarperCollins, 1995.

Source 3:

J. J. O’Rourke, “Church II,” in The New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 3, ed. An editorial staff (Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1967), 688.

O’Rourke, J.J. “Church II.” In The New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 3, ed. An editorial staff, 683-93.  Washington D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1967.


“Dulles pioneered the use of models in Catholic theology in his Models of the Church (1974) and Models of Revelation (1983).  His ability to describe the characteristics of different groups of theologians sympathetically and to discover new avenues of dialogue are hallmarks of his work.”  (Harper-Collins, 435).

“It would be a radical misunderstanding of the biblical expression and of Vatican II’s intention in using it, to suggest that the Council thereby wished to introduce a more “democratic” notion of the Church, a Church where power would appear ultimately and properly derived from the people.  The Church, hierarchical by constitution (cf. Lumen Gentium, 18-29), is a people gathered under God.  Authority (rather than power) or jurisdiction exercised within the peoples comes “from above” (cf. Jn 19:11); in its fundamental aspects it can only come from a divine commission.” (Burke, 498)

“The growing loneliness that man people experience today, even in the Church, is ultimately due to a sense of not belonging to a people, of not feeling the strength of common values and a common inheritance, of not having learned to rejoice in the grace and truth of Christ.” (Burke, 498).

“In the mind of the Patristic writers the Episcopal order. . . exists to beget, sustain, and foster the Christian community of the Church . . . . The hierarchical order is a ministry commissioned by Christ to serve the communion of Christian faith . . . and above all to serve the community of sacramental life . . . and by administering the penitential procedures which issued in full Eucharistic communion.” (O’Rourke, 586)

2:  Online Tutorials


1. The following are two examples of how to expand one’s search.  First, choose a more general term for which to search.  For example, “ecclesiology” is a more specific term than Church.  Second, by choosing the “all text” category when searching for terms, the search engine will search not only the titles of articles or the abstracts, but within articles themselves.

2.  There are several ways to limit one’s search.  First, one can search for an exact phrase by adding quotations around the search term.  Second, one can limit a search to articles, reviews, etc. by clicking the appropriate boxes.  Third, we can limit the search to “peer-reviewed” publications by clicking the “peer-reviewed” box.  Fourth, if we want to search for articles written by a certain author or having certain words in the title, we can specify these through the pull-down bars next to the boxes in which we specify which terms for which we are searching.

3.After finding the source that you wish to save, click the “add to folder” button on the right side of the screen.  Repeat this process until the folder contains multiple sources.

3:  Book Reviews


Author of Review Title of Book under Review Author of Book under Review Title of Journal Volume, Issue, Date, and Page Numbers
D.W.D. Shaw Models of the Church Avery Dulles Scottish Journal of Theology 31, no. 1 (January 1, 1978): 78-80.
Patrick J. Burns Models of the Church Avery Dulles Theological Studies 35, no. 3 (1974): 564.


Book review available only in print in our library:

D.W.D. Shaw, “Models of the Church,” Scottish Journal of Theology 31, no. 1 (1978), 79.

Shaw, D. W. D. “Models of the Church.” Scottish Journal of Theology 31, no. 1 (January 1, 1978): 78-80.

Full Text Available online:

Patrick J. Burns, “Models of the Church,” Theological Studies 35, no. 3 (1974), 564.

Burns, Patrick J. “Models of the Church.” Theological Studies 35, no. 3 (September 1, 1974): 563-65.


“D. himself indicates a clear preference for the sacramental model of the Church.  He notes that the notion of an efficacious sign community is a highly sophisticated theological concept; paradoxically, the paradigm of a community of symbolic communication is itself difficult to communicate.” (Burns, 565)

“In the process of each individual [to create a supermodel] reveals the model he has already been working with implicitly in his reflection on the Church and attempts to compensate for its deficiencies by incorporating elements from the other models.” (Burns, 564)

“Fr. Dulles writes explicitly from the point of view of Roman Catholic ecclesiology, but he is familiar with the most important non-Roman contemporary ecclesiologies, and, without taking refuge in an unrealistic eclecticism, provides a thoroughly ecumenical approach.”(Shaw, 79)

“Fr. Dulles has now come up with a really helpful offering of models in the field of comparative ecclesiology.” (Shaw, 78).

4:  Journal Articles


Author of Article Title of Article Journal Title Volume, Issue, Date, Page Numbers
Avery Dulles “A Half Century of Ecclesiology” Theological Studies 50 (1989), 419-42
Avery Dulles “The Sacramental Ecclesiology of Lumen gentium” (Gregorianum)

86, no. 3 (2005):  550-62.
Stephen Mark Massa “Avery Dulles, Teaching Authority in the Church, and the ‘Dialectically Tense’ Middle:  an American Strategic Theology Heythrop Journal 48, no. 6 (November 2007):  932-51.


Avery Dulles, “A Half Century of Ecclesiology,” Theological Studies 50, (1989), 425.

Dulles, Avery.  “A Half Century of Ecclesiology.” Theological Studies 50, (1989): 419-42.

Avery Dulles, “The Sacramental Ecclesiology in Lumen gentium,”  Gregorianum 86, no. 3 (2005), 556.

Dulles, Avery.  “The Sacramental Ecclesiology in Lumen gentium.”  Gregorianum 86, no. 3 (2005):  550-62.

Stephen Mark Massa, “Avery Dulles, Teaching Authority in the Church, and the ‘Dialectically Tense’ Middle:  an American Strategic Theology,” Heythrop Journal, 48, no. 6 (November 2007), 941.

Massa, Mark Stephen.  “Avery Dulles, Teaching Authority in the Church, and the ‘Dialectically Tense’ Middle:  an American Strategic Theology.”  Heythrop Journal, 48, no. 6 (November 2007): 932-51.


“Drawing on the first schema of Vatican I and on the encyclicals of Leo XIII, the encyclical [Mystici corporis Christi] was by no means a repudiation of previous official teaching, but in many ways it was a welcome advance beyond the more juridical ecclesiologies of the manuals.” (Dulles I, 422)

“Like several Popes before him, Pius XII insisted that the Church could not be a body unless it were visible.” (Dulles I, 422)

“The term ‘sacrament’, as applied to the Church, contains a variety of implications, all of which should be kept in mind for a proper interpretation of the Council.  The sacrament is a sign or symbol, signifying the unity and communion willed by God; it is an efficacious sign, an instruments by which God effects this saving unity; and thirdly, the sacrament precontains the reality that it signifies and brings about.”(Dulles II, 553)

“Vatican II, however, refrained from calling the Church a “communion”.  Rather, it described the Church as a sacrament of communion, a corporate sign that signifies, contains, and establishes a supernatural communion of human beings with one another and with God in Christ.” (Dulles II, 553)

5:  Articles in Books


Author of Article Title of Article Title of Book Editor of Book City, Publisher, year of Publication
Avery Dulles “Trends in ecclesiology” Called to Holiness and Communion: Vatican II on the Church, 1-16. Steven Boguslawski and Robert Fastiggi Scranton, PA: University of Scranton Press, 2009.


Avery Dulles, “Trends in ecclesiology,” in Called to Holiness and Communion: Vatican II on the Church, ed. Steven Boguslawski and Robert Fastiggi (Scranton, PA: University of Scranton Press, 2009), 8.

Dulles, Avery.  “Trends in ecclesiology.” In Called to Holiness and Communion: Vatican II on the Church, ed. Steven Boguslawski and Robert Fastiggi, 1-16. Scranton, PA: University of Scranton Press, 2009.


1 Yes.  262.52 C157b

2 This book is “kind of” available on Mobius:  the only copy is in Kenrick-Glennon Seminary’s library!  1) Check to see if the book is available in Kenrick’s library.  2) If not, click the “search Mobius” button. 3) If it is available, the entry will show up in Mobius’s search engine results.  Hit the “request” button.

6:  Finding Church Documents


Author Type of Document Title of Document in English Title of Document in Latin Source Publication of Information
Paul VI Dogmatic Constitution Light of the Nations

(Lumen gentium)

21 November 1964 http://www.vatican.va
Paul VI Pastoral Constitution Joy and Hope

(Gaudium et spes)

7 December 1965 http://www.vatican.va


Church as Servant or Herald of the Gospel:  “The Church recognizes that worthy elements are found in today’s social movements, especially an evolution toward unity, a process of wholesome socialization and of association in civic and economic realms.” Gaudium et spes, 42.

Church as People of God:  “So it is that that messianic people, although it does not actually include all men, and at times may look like a small flock, is nonetheless a lasting and sure seed of unity, hope, and salvation for the whole human race.” Lumen gentium, 9.

7:  Websites


1. Who is the Sponsor of the Website (Organization, institution, individual)?

The website is a personal blog by Rich Vincent, the senior Baptist pastor at Immanuel Church in West Bend, Wisconsin.

2.Who is the author and what are his credentials?

The author is a Baptist pastor in Wisconsin.  He graduated with an M.Div in 2005 from Bethel Seminary after serving as an associate pastor for about ten years and two years at a small Bible college, from which he did not graduate due to the amount of work pressing him in his ministry.

3. Who is the intended audience for the site (general audience, scholars, Catholics)?

The intended audience is primarily his congregation in Wisconsin.  He has many homilies online, and his parishioners comment on them regularly.  He, however, sees his blog as a way to expand his ministry to the general public.

4. What seems to be the perspective or point of view of the site (popular, academic, a particular philosophical, theological, or political point of view)?

The author is a Baptist minister who summarizes his preaching style in the following ten statements:

Salvation is a process, and not merely a decision. The Christian life is a lengthy pilgrimage. Perseverance is necessary to reach our goal. The work of the Spirit is primarily to comfort us that we are children of God–not primarily to condemn us. Sanctification is the process of becoming authentically human, not odd or weird. Suffering is not evidence that God is far off or angry with you, nor is suffering evidence that your faith is too small. God is primarily known in the ordinary, not primarily in the ecstatic or miraculous. The goal of Bible study is personal knowledge of God, not greater knowledge of the Bible. Mystery pervades all and is to be embraced, not explained away. Love is the goal of all things–not being “right.”

5. How current is the information on the site?

The blog began in 2005, and currently is updated about once a month.


Richard Vincent, Models of the Church, 2005, [online], available from http://www.theocentric.com/ecclesiology/leadership/models_of_the_church.html, 20 September 2010.

Vincent, Richard.  Models of the Church. 2005. [online].  Available from http://www.theocentric.com/ecclesiology/leadership/models_of_the_church.html.  20 September 2010.


Posted September 7, 2010 by phamilton
Categories: Graduate Writing, Uncategorized

(Note to readers:  as part of a seminary class, I am required to maintain a blog and post different assignments on it.  Just so you all have the context…)

The source used in my paragraph is:

Heidegger, Martin.   Introduction to Metaphysics. London:  Yale University Press, 2000.

Vox Day on Atheism

Posted September 2, 2010 by phamilton
Categories: Religion

Atheists usually claim religion is behind all the problems in the world, but since they also believe religion is human-created, they are eventually forced to end up advocating mass murder of one form or another.  Vox Day

What a wonderful, pithy formulation of the problem.  If religion is the cause of all the world’s evils, and genocide remains part of the human condition after religion is eradicated, then genocide isn’t evil.  If atheists are right and all religion is a human artifact, then getting rid of religion will do nothing to solve the world’s problems.  Man will merely replace his religious ideology with some sort of secular ideology, leaving man’s irrational and superstitious tendencies in tact.

Day also has recently criticized the idea that scientists are more rational than the rest of us.  It’s not that “science” isn’t a rational pursuit; it’s that scientists are the weakest part of the scientific enterprise.  Merely participating in the scientific enterprise does nothing to make a person more rational and less susceptible to non-rational biases.  Thus, to eliminate all religions and replace it with “science” will do nothing to make people less superstitious and more rational.  We will live in a culture that lacks the means that has historically been most common and effective in teaching moral values to the younger generation.

A Thought on Liturgy

Posted August 25, 2010 by phamilton
Categories: Catholicism, Liturgy, Religion, Uncategorized

A brother seminarian recently made this observation, and I think it bears repeating.  The next 50 years are going to see a lot of liturgical changes.  Vatican II is still being worked out, and still may be not fully implemented until the end of this century.  Some people on both sides may like certain changes and hate others.  The most important question, however, is not what changes will be made; rather, it is this:  when the changes are made, will you be obedient and implement them?

Spring Cleaning

Posted May 24, 2010 by phamilton
Categories: Uncategorized

After archiving my blog today, I deleted a few dozen posts.  A priest I know recently said that 10% of your people will love you, 10% will hate you, and 80% just want you to administer the Sacraments.  Since 10% of the people in any given parish will not necessarily have my best interests in mind, it seems wise to reserve certain types of personal information for the private forum.

So after a cursory look through my archives I deleted posts which I felt contained too much personal information.  I also deleted posts that I wrote a while back from perspectives with which I now strongly disagree.  I also deleted several posts with certain types of political commentary.

Next up:  my Facebook page.


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.